Italian Early Renaissance Painter, 1267-1337
Italian painter and designer. In his own time and place he had an unrivalled reputation as the best painter and as an innovator, superior to all his predecessors, and he became the first post-Classical artist whose fame extended beyond his lifetime and native city. This was partly the consequence of the rich literary culture of two of the cities where he worked, Padua and Florence. Writing on art in Florence was pioneered by gifted authors and, although not quite art criticism, it involved the comparison of local artists in terms of quality. The most famous single appreciation is found in Dante's verses (Purgatory x) of 1315 or earlier. Exemplifying the transience of fame, first with poets and manuscript illuminators, Dante then remarked that the fame of Cimabue, who had supposed himself to be the leader in painting, had now been displaced by Giotto. Ironically, this text was one factor that forestalled the similar eclipse of Giotto's fame, which was clearly implied by the poet.
St Francis in Glory
1330 Fresco Lower Church, San Francesco, Assisi St Francis is enthroned in the centre of the triangular surface and drawn towards heaven by angels. His figure and in particular his face seem to belong to another world. The golden rays that emanate from him heighten the effect of the gold-embroidered dalmatic. Artist: GIOTTO di Bondone Painting Title: Franciscan Allegories: St Francis in Glory (detail) , 1301-1350 Painting Style: Italian , , religious