Flemish Northern Renaissance Painter, ca.1395-1441
Painter and illuminator, brother of Hubert van Eyck. According to a 16th-century Ghent tradition, represented by van Vaernewijck and Lucas d'Heere, Jan trained with his brother Hubert. Pietro Summonte's assertion (1524) that he began work as an illuminator is supported by the fine technique and small scale of most of Jan's works, by manuscript precedents for certain of his motifs, and by his payment in 1439 for initials in a book (untraced) for Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Jan is first documented in The Hague in August 1422 as an established artist with an assistant and the title of 'Master', working for John III, Count of Holland (John of Bavaria; reg 1419-25), who evidently discovered the artist while he was bishop (1389-1417) of the principality of Liege.
The Ghent Altarpiece: Adam (detail
1425-29 Oil on wood Cathedral of St Bavo, Ghent There is a passionate interest in facial expression and in character, an instance of this is the difference in treatment between the supernatural figures (God the Father and the Virgin) and those of Adam and Eve who appear as figures from another world, physically as well as spiritually. , EYCK, Jan van , The Ghent Altarpiece: Adam (detail) , 1401-1450 , Flemish , painting , religious